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Hoà hợp giữa chủ ngủ và động từ
Hoà hợp giữa chủ ngủ và động từ

1. Sự hòa hợp giữa chủ ngữ và động từ là gì?

Sự hòa hợp giữa chủ ngữ và động từ là cách động từ (V) thay đổi tùy theo chủ ngữ (S) ở dạng số ít, số nhiều hay dạng không đếm được.

Ví dụ:

  • My dog is black : Chú chó của tôi màu đen.

Động từ To be được chia là “is” theo chủ ngữ số ít.

  • My students want to have a break: Các học sinh của tôi muốn có giờ ra chơi.

Động từ To want được chia theo chủ ngữ số nhiều nên là “want”

  • The water is clean: Nước sạch đó.

Động từ To be được chia theo chủ ngữ “water” là danh từ không đếm được. Danh từ không đếm và danh từ số ít có động từ chia giống nhau.

2. 25 nguyên tắc về sự hòa hợp giữa chủ ngữ và động từ

2.1. Nếu chủ ngữ là một danh từ hoặc đại từ số nhiều thì động từ được chia theo hình thức số nhiều

S(plural) + V(plural)

Ví dụ:

  • They often work very hard.
  • Asian countries cooperate with each other.
  • The animals gather closely together for warmth.
  • Teachers work with students to find out specific need.
  • We are teachers.

2.2. Nếu chủ ngữ là một danh từ hoặc đại từ số ít thì chia động từ theo hình thức số ít.

S(singular) + V(singular)

Ví dụ:

  • Infinity War achieves the seemingly impossible feat of melding together a huge cast of characters.
  • My cat is lying on the grass.
  • England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
  • Thanos wants to rule the world.
  • He is a teacher.

2.3. Khi chủ ngữ được nối bởi liên từ “OR” hoặc “NOR” thì Bạn chia động từ theo chủ ngữ gần nhất với động từ.

S1 OR/NOR S2 + V(s2)

Ví dụ:

  • Neither John nor his friends have seen this movie before.
  • Our happiness or our sorrow is largely due to our actions.
  • It is you or I who am to go.
  • You or I am the winner.
  • My parents or my brother is staying at home now.

2.4. Nếu chủ ngữ là một V-ING thì động từ sẽ chia theo hình thức số ít.

V-ING + V(singular)

Ví dụ:

  • Jogging everyday is good for your health.
  • Working from home allows a person to work in comfort.
  • Using online practices helps students who don’t have books.
  • Computing saves a lot of time.
  • Studying online is very convenient.
  • Playing football is not easy with me.

2.5.Nếu chủ ngữ là cấu trúc THE NUMBER OF + N thì sẽ chia động từ theo hình thức số ít.

THE NUMBER OF + N + V(singular)

Ví dụ

  • The number of people, who have lost their job, is quite big
  • The number of addicted people has increased recently.
  • The number of accidents has gone down steadily since the speed limit was impos
  • The number of bears decreases day by day.
  • The number of days in a week is 7.

2.6.Nếu chủ ngữ sử dụng cấu trúc “EITHER …. OR” hoặc “NEITHER …NOR” thì chia động từ theo chủ ngữ gần nhất.

EITHER S1 OR S2 + V(s2)

Ví dụ:

  • Either he or I have to leave.
  • Either my parents or I am going to the supermarket to buy food for lunch.
  • Either I or he has to leave.
  • Neither I nor you are right
  • Neither John nor his friends have seen this movie before.

2.7.Khi gặp cấu trúc A NUMBER OF + N thì Bạn sẽ chia động từ theo hình thức số nhiều.

A NUMBER OF + N + V (plural)

Ví dụ:

  • A number of special conditions is necessary for the formation of a geyser.
  • A number of good students in my class have decreased this year.
  • A number of books in this library are really big.
  • A number of people have lost their job.
  • A number of hours have passed

2.8. Khi chủ ngữ là cụm EITHER hoặc NEITHER đi với OF thì động từ luôn chia theo hình thức số ít.

EITHER/NEITHER OF + N + V(singular)

Ví dụ:

  • Neither of them works in this company.
  • Either of us is capable of doing the job.
  • Either of my parents is staying at home now.
  • Neither of them is available to speak now.
  • Either of students has left the door unlocked

2.9. Chủ ngữ gồm nhiều chủ thể khác nhau và được nối bởi liên từ “AND” thì Bạn chia động từ chia theo hình thức số nhiều.

S1 AND S2 + V(plural)

Ví dụ:

  • My father and my mother have lived happily together since they got married.
  • John and I are going to college next autumn.
  • Lan and Tam are classmates in this school year.
  • Honor and glory are the rewards.
  • Bread and butter is my favorite food.
  • Fire and water do not agree.

Lưu ý: Phải dùng số ít trong các trường hợp sau:

  • Khi chúng cùng một người, một món ăn, một vật hay một khái niệm

Ví dụ:

Bread and meat is my favorite dish.

President and CEO is Mr Smith

  • Phép cộng thì dùng số ít:

Ví dụ: Two and three is five.

2.10. Khi chủ ngữ sử dụng cấu trúc MANY + N số nhiều thì chia động từ theo hình thức số nhiều.

MANY + N(plular) + V(plular)

Ví dụ:

  • Many movies now make more money from sales of DVDS than from the box office.
  • Many animals face starvation and frostbite during the snowy season.
  • Many countries around the world celebrate earth day
  • Many students like playing games nowadays.
  • Many vehicles are equipped with an air bag.

2.11. Khi chủ ngữ được nối với nhau bởi các liên từ: as long as, as well as, with, together with,… thì động từ chia theo chủ ngữ thứ nhất.

S1 AS LONG AS/WITH S2 + V(s1)

Ví dụ:

  • Kim, as well as her parents is coming to the party.
  • Mr Robbins, accompanied by his wife and children, is leaving tonight.
  • The old man with his dog passes my house every morning.
  • My father as well as the other people in my family is very friendly.
  • Mr. Johnson as well as his assistants has arrived.

2.12. Chủ ngữ bắt đầu bằng một đại từ bất định như each, each of, everyone, everybody, everything, someone, somebody, something, every + N thì động từ luôn chia theo chủ ngữ số ít.

EACH/EVERY + N + V(singular)
EVERYONE/SOMETHING + V(singular)

Ví dụ:

  • Someone has taken my pencil.
  • Each person is allowed 20kg luggage.
  • Everyone in my class is very intelligent.
  • Everybody knows Tom.
  • Each boy and each girl has their own story.
  • Each of the boys has a bicycle.

2.13. Khi chủ ngữ bao gồm THE + ADJECTIVE để chỉ một tập thể thì chia động từ theo hình thức số nhiều.

THE + ADJECTIVE + V(plural)

Ví dụ:

  • The deaf are the people who are not able to hear.
  • Despite not having much money, The poor are still happy.
  • The rich are not always happy.
  • The poor get poorer, the rich get richer.
  • The French like to eat well.

Đặc biệt, Khi đứng sau THE là danh từ people, police, army, children, cattle (gia súc) thì cũng dùng động từ ở số nhiều.

Ví dụ: The police have patrolled through the night to catch that murder.

2.14. Khi chủ ngữ là cụm từ chỉ tiền, khoảng cách, kích thước, đo lường và thời gian thì động từ chia theo hình thức số ít.

MONEY/TIME/DISTANCE/WEIGHT + V(singular)

Ví dụ:

  • Five dollars to buy this shirt is very cheap.
  • 8 hours of sleeping is enough.
  • Money makes the world go around.
  • Time flies when you’re having fun
  • Five kilometers is not far.
  • Three years are not a long time.

2.15. Một số danh từ có “S” ở cuối nhưng sẽ chia động từ theo hình thức số ít.

-Tên các căn bệnh: Measles (sởi), rickets (còi xương)….

– Môn học: politics (chính trị học), physics (vật lý ), economics (kinh tế học), mathematics (toán), …

– Các danh từ khác: news (tin tức), the United States,…..

– Môn thể thao: billiards (bi-da)athletics (môn điền kinh),checkers(cờ đam),…

Ví dụ:

  • Maths is considered as a difficult subject with many students.
  • Gymnastics is my favorite sport.
  • The United States has new president.
  • Physics is more difficult than chemistry.

2.16. Khi chủ ngữ bắt đầu với cấu trúc MANY + A + N số ít thì động từ sẽ được chia theo hình thức số ít.

MANY + A + N(singular) + V(singular)

Ví dụ:

  • Many a good hanging prevents a bad marriage, and, for turning away, let summer bear it out.
  • Many a student doesn’t want to study all day at school.
  • Many a letter has crossed.
  • Many a leader fallen due to pride.
  • Many a little makes a miracle.

2.17. Đối với những chủ ngữ có chứa phân số, phần trăm thì ta chia động từ theo danh từ đứng sau “OF”.

% + OF + S(singular + uncountable) + V(singular)

% + OF + S(plural + countable) + V(plural)

Ví dụ:

  • One-third of the people are unemployed.
  • Two third of water in this bottle is drunk by Peter.
  • Two third of students in my class are girls.
  • One-third of the city is unemployed.
  • Fifty percent of the pie has disappeared.

2.18. Nếu sau “NO” hoặc “NONE OF” là một danh từ số ít hoặc không đếm được thì chia động từ theo hình thức số ít

NO/NONE OF + S(singular+uncountable) + V(singular)

Ví dụ:

  • No example is relevant to this case.
  • None of meat was cooked in this special day.
  • None of the counterfeit money has been found.
  • No student leaves the room.
  • No further information is provided for you unless you are a VIP.

2.19. Nếu danh từ đi sau các cụm từ MAJORITY OF, SOME OF, ALL OF, MOST OF là số ít không đếm được sẽ chia động từ số ít và ngược lại nếu số nhiều đếm được thì chia động từ số nhiều.

MAJORITY OF/SOME OF/ALL OF + S(singular + uncountable) + V (singular)

MAJORITY OF/SOME OF/ALL OF + S(plural + countable) + V (plural)

Ví dụ:

  • All of the books are interesting.
  • Some of my friends are very good at English.
  • Most of the water is polluted.
  • Some of the students are late for class.
  • Some of the information he told us was not reliable.

2.20. Khi chủ ngữ là các danh từ như: pants (quần dài ), trousers (quần), glasses (gương đeo mắt), shorts (quần ngắn), shoes, scissors (cái kéo), pliers (cái kềm), tongs (cái kẹp) thì động từ chia động từ ở số nhiều

Ví dụ:

  • My pants are ripped.
  • The shoes are on the shelf.

Lưu ý: Phải chia động từ số ít khi có từ : “A pair of “ đi trước.

  • A pair of shoes + Verb (singular)
  • A pair of glasses + Verb (singular)
  • A pair of trousers + Verb (singular)

Ví dụ: A pair of shoes is on the shelf.

2.21. Nếu sau “NO” hoặc “NONE OF” là một danh từ đếm được số nhiều thì chia động từ theo sau theo hình thức số nhiều.

NO/NONE OF S(plural+countable) + V(plural)

Ví dụ:

  • No people think alike.
  • None of my friends know it
  • No people are allowed to swim in this lake
  • None of us speak French
  • None of the books are interesting

2.22. Khi chủ ngữ là tựa đề phim ảnh, âm nhạc,… thì động từ chia theo hình thức số ít.

Ví dụ:

  • Tom and Jerry” is my favorite cartoon.
  • Better Days is a 2019 Chinese romantic crime coming of age film directed by Derek Tsang and starring Zhou Dongyu and Jackson Yee.
  • “Heal the World” is a song recorded by American recording artist Michael Jackson.
  • Gone with the Wind is a sweeping romantic story about the American Civil War from the point of view of the Confederacy.

2.23. Khi hai danh từ nối với nhau bằng OF thì chia động từ theo danh từ phía trước.

Ví dụ:

  • The effects of stress are very sirious.
  • The experiences of work during study is common for around half of all students.
  • The advantage of living in the city is the range of clothes shops.
  • The list of items is on the desk.
  • The advertising of credence goods contains both informational and persuasive advertising.

2.24. Nếu sử dụng chủ ngữ giả “IT” thì động từ sẽ chia theo chủ ngữ chính, và thường là số ít.

Ví dụ:

  • It is the face of pregnancy that starts from the week 13 to 27.
  • t is her dog that often bites people.
  • It’s disgusting that he turns his radio too loud.

2.25. Khi chủ ngữ là các từ như: family, staff, team, group, congress, crowd, committee

– Hành động của từng thành viên thì chia động từ ở số nhiều.

Ví dụ:

  • The crowd are becoming excited.
  • The family are having breakfast.
  • The staff were upset not to have been informed.

– Tính chất của tập thể đó như một đơn vị thì chia động từ ở số ít.

Ví dụ:

  • My family is very conservative.
  • His team gets the best assignments case study.
  • The congress has laws to protect wildlife from commercial trade and overhunting.
25 nguyên tắc về sự hòa hợp giữa chủ ngữ và động từ
25 nguyên tắc về sự hòa hợp giữa chủ ngữ và động từ

3. Lưu ý về sự hòa hợp giữa chủ ngữ và động từ

Phần này bạn cần lưu ý một số danh từ ” đặc biệt”, tưởng như là số nhiều do có “s” nhưng thật ra là số ít và ngược lại.

Ví dụ:

Một số danh từ số ít nhưng  có “s” ở cuối 

  • Một số danh từ khác: news (tin tức), the United States,…..
  • Các môn thể thao: athletics (môn điền kinh), gymnastics (thể dục dụng cụ), billiards (bi-a), checkers(cờ đam),…
  • Tên các căn bệnh: Measles (sởi), rickets (còi xương),….
  • Các môn học: physics (vật lý ), mathematics (toán), economics (kinh tế học), politics (chính trị học),…

Ví dụ:

  • Rickets happens from a very young age: Bệnh còi xương xảy ra ở độ tuổi rất nhỏ.
  • Gymnastics is my favorite sport: Thể dục dụng cụ là môn thể thao yêu thích của tôi.

Một số danh từ số nhiều nhưng không có “S” ở cuối 

Ví dụ: people, army, children, police, cattle,…

Hãy nhớ khi các từ này là chủ ngữ thì động từ luôn ở hình thức số nhiều nhé.

Ví dụ:

  • The police are still investigating the criminal: Cảnh sát vẫn đang điều tra vụ án.
  • Cattle need to eat three times per day: Đàn gia súc cần ăn 3 lần một ngày.
Lưu ý về sự hòa hợp giữa chủ ngữ và động từ
Lưu ý về sự hòa hợp giữa chủ ngữ và động từ

4. Bài tập về sự hòa hợp giữa chủ ngữ và động từ

Bài 1: Chọn đáp án đúng

1. Every candidate………. known the first three questions.

  1. has
  2. have
  3. have to
  4. must

2. Either Jack or his sister………breakfast each morning.

  1. make
  2. is making
  3. makes
  4. made

3.Time………when you’re having fun.

  1. is flying
  2. flies
  3. fly
  4. flied

4. Five kilometers……..not far.

  1. Are
  2. have
  3. will be
  4. is

5. Lara, together with ten friends, ………. planning a graduation party.

  1. are
  2. is
  3. has been
  4. have been

6. Mathematics………..the science of quantity.

  1. was
  2. are
  3. is
  4. were

7. Measles………cured easily nowadays.

  1. is
  2. are
  3. will be
  4. have

8. The effects of stress…….very serious.

  1. is
  2. are
  3. will
  4. have

9. Neither of them…….in this company.

  1. work
  2. works
  3. working
  4. have worked

10. The army…………. eliminated this section of the training test.

  1. has
  2. is having
  3. are
  4. have

Bài 2: Chia động từ theo quy tắc sự hòa hợp giữa chủ ngữ và động từ

  1. One-fifth of the people (be)_______ unemployed.
  2. The English (be) ________ independent people.
  3. Money (make)______ the world go around.
  4. There (be, not) ________ any letters in the mailbox today.
  5. Someone (have) ________ taken my pencil.
  6. Many nations around the world (celebrate)_______ Earth day
  7. The boy who won the two medals (be) ________ a friend of mine.
  8. My mom and my dad (go) ________ to the market twice a week.
  9. Two years (be) _______ not a long time.
  10. Gold, as well as platinum, (have) ________recently risen in price.

Đáp án:

Bài 1:

  1. A
  2. C
  3. B
  4. D
  5. B
  6. C
  7. A
  8. A
  9. B
  10. D

Bài 2:

  1. is
  2. are
  3. makes
  4. are not
  5. has
  6. celebrate
  7. is
  8. go
Bài tập về sự hòa hợp giữa chủ ngữ và động từ
Bài tập về sự hòa hợp giữa chủ ngữ và động từ

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Su1ef1 hu00f2a hu1ee3p giu1eefa chu1ee7 ngu1eef vu00e0 u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb lu00e0 gu00ec?nSu1ef1 hu00f2a hu1ee3p giu1eefa chu1ee7 ngu1eef vu00e0 u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb lu00e0 cu00e1ch u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb (V)u00a0thay u0111u1ed5iu00a0tu00f9yu00a0theo chu1ee7 ngu1eef (S) u1edf du1ea1ng su1ed1 u00edt, su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u hay du1ea1ng khu00f4ng u0111u1ebfm u0111u01b0u1ee3c.nVu00ed du1ee5:nnMy dog is black : Chu00fa chu00f3 cu1ee7a tu00f4i mu00e0u u0111en.nnu0110u1ed9ng tu1eeb To be u0111u01b0u1ee3c chia lu00e0 u201cisu201d theo chu1ee7 ngu1eef su1ed1 u00edt.nnMy students want to have a break:u00a0Cu00e1c hu1ecdc sinh cu1ee7a tu00f4i muu1ed1n cu00f3 giu1edd ra chu01a1i.nnu0110u1ed9ng tu1eeb To want u0111u01b0u1ee3c chia theo chu1ee7 ngu1eef su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u nu00ean lu00e0 u201cwantu201dnnThe water is clean: Nu01b0u1edbc su1ea1ch u0111u00f3.nnu0110u1ed9ng tu1eeb To be u0111u01b0u1ee3c chia theo chu1ee7 ngu1eef u201cwateru201d lu00e0 danh tu1eeb khu00f4ng u0111u1ebfm u0111u01b0u1ee3c. Danh tu1eeb khu00f4ng u0111u1ebfm vu00e0 danh tu1eeb su1ed1 u00edt cu00f3 u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb chia giu1ed1ng nhau.n2. 25 nguyu00ean tu1eafc vu1ec1 su1ef1 hu00f2a hu1ee3p giu1eefa chu1ee7 ngu1eef vu00e0 u0111u1ed9ng tu1eebn2.1. Nu1ebfu chu1ee7 ngu1eef lu00e0 mu1ed9t danh tu1eeb hou1eb7c u0111u1ea1i tu1eeb su1ed1 nhiu1ec1uu00a0thu00ec u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb u0111u01b0u1ee3c chia theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 nhiu1ec1unS(plural) + V(plural)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnThey often work very hard.nAsian countries cooperate with each other.nThe animals gather closely together for warmth.nTeachers work with students to find out specific need.nWe are teachers.nn2.2. Nu1ebfu chu1ee7 ngu1eef lu00e0 mu1ed9t danh tu1eeb hou1eb7c u0111u1ea1i tu1eeb su1ed1 u00edtu00a0thu00ec chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 u00edt.nS(singular) + V(singular)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnInfinity War achieves the seemingly impossible feat of melding together a huge cast of characters.nMy cat is lying on the grass.nEngland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.nThanos wants to rule the world.nHe is a teacher.nn2.3. Khi chu1ee7 ngu1eef u0111u01b0u1ee3c nu1ed1i bu1edfi liu00ean tu1eeb u201cORu201d hou1eb7c u201cNORu201d thu00ec Bu1ea1n chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb theo chu1ee7 ngu1eef gu1ea7n nhu1ea5t vu1edbi u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb.nS1 OR/NOR S2 + V(s2)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnNeither John nor his friends have seen this movie before.nOur happiness or our sorrow is largely due to our actions.nIt is you or I who am to go.nYou or I am the winner.nMy parents or my brother is staying at home now.nn2.4. Nu1ebfu chu1ee7 ngu1eef lu00e0 mu1ed9t V-ING thu00ec u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb su1ebd chia theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 u00edt.nV-ING + V(singular)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnJogging everyday is good for your health.nWorking from home allows a person to work in comfort.nUsing online practices helps students who don’t have books.nComputing saves a lot of time.nStudying online is very convenient.nPlaying football is not easy with me.nn2.5.Nu1ebfu chu1ee7 ngu1eef lu00e0 cu1ea5u tru00fac THE NUMBER OF + N thu00ec su1ebd chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 u00edt.nnnnnnnTHE NUMBER OF + N + V(singular)nVu00ed du1ee5nnnnnnnnnnnnnnThe number of people, who have lost their job, is quite bignThe number of addicted people has increased recently.nThe number of accidents has gone down steadily since the speed limit was imposnThe number of bears decreases day by day.nThe number of days in a week is 7.nn2.6.Nu1ebfu chu1ee7 ngu1eef su1eed du1ee5ng cu1ea5u tru00fac u201cEITHER u2026. ORu201d hou1eb7c u201cNEITHER u2026NORu201du00a0thu00ec chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb theo chu1ee7 ngu1eef gu1ea7n nhu1ea5t.nEITHER S1 OR S2 + V(s2)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnEither he or I have to leave.nEither my parents or I am going to the supermarket to buy food for lunch.nEither I or he has to leave.nNeither I nor you are rightnNeither John nor his friends have seen this movie before.nn2.7.Khi gu1eb7p cu1ea5u tru00fac A NUMBER OF + Nu00a0thu00ec Bu1ea1n su1ebd chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u.nA NUMBER OF + N + V (plural)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnA number of special conditions is necessary for the formation of a geyser.nA number of good students in my class have decreased this year.nA number of books in this library are really big.nA number of people have lost their job.nA number of hours have passednn2.8. Khi chu1ee7 ngu1eef lu00e0 cu1ee5m EITHER hou1eb7c NEITHER u0111i vu1edbi OFu00a0thu00ec u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb luu00f4n chia theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 u00edt.nEITHER/NEITHER OF + N + V(singular)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnNeither of them works in this company.nEither of us is capable of doing the job.nEither of my parents is staying at home now.nNeither of them is available to speak now.nEither of students has left the door unlockednn2.9.u00a0Chu1ee7 ngu1eef gu1ed3m nhiu1ec1u chu1ee7 thu1ec3 khu00e1c nhau vu00e0 u0111u01b0u1ee3c nu1ed1i bu1edfi liu00ean tu1eeb u201cANDu201d thu00ec Bu1ea1n chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb chia theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u.nS1 AND S2 + V(plural)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnMy father and my mother have lived happily together since they got married.nJohn and I are going to college next autumn.nLan and Tam are classmates in this school year.nHonor and glory are the rewards.nBread and butter is my favorite food.nFire and water do not agree.nnLu01b0u u00fd:u00a0Phu1ea3i du00f9ng su1ed1 u00edt trong cu00e1c tru01b0u1eddng hu1ee3p sau:nnKhi chu00fang cu00f9ng mu1ed9t ngu01b0u1eddi, mu1ed9t mu00f3n u0103n, mu1ed9t vu1eadt hay mu1ed9t khu00e1i niu1ec7mnnVu00ed du1ee5:nBread and meat is my favorite dish.nPresident and CEO is Mr SmithnnPhu00e9p cu1ed9ng thu00ec du00f9ng su1ed1 u00edt:nnVu00ed du1ee5: Two and three is five.n2.10. Khi chu1ee7 ngu1eef su1eed du1ee5ng cu1ea5u tru00fac MANY + N su1ed1 nhiu1ec1uu00a0thu00ec chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u.nMANY + N(plular) + V(plular)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnMany movies now make more money from sales of DVDS than from the box office.nMany animals face starvation and frostbite during the snowy season.nMany countries around the world celebrate earth daynMany students like playing games nowadays.nMany vehicles are equipped with an air bag.nn2.11.u00a0Khi chu1ee7 ngu1eef u0111u01b0u1ee3c nu1ed1i vu1edbi nhau bu1edfi cu00e1c liu00ean tu1eeb: as long as, as well as, with, together with,u2026 thu00ec u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb chia theo chu1ee7 ngu1eef thu1ee9 nhu1ea5t.nnnnnnnS1 AS LONG AS/WITH S2 + V(s1)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnnnnnnnnnnnnnKim, as well as her parents is coming to the party.nMr Robbins, accompanied by his wife and children, is leaving tonight.nThe old man with his dog passes my house every morning.nMy father as well as the other people in my family is very friendly.nMr. Johnson as well as his assistants has arrived.nn2.12. Chu1ee7 ngu1eef bu1eaft u0111u1ea7u bu1eb1ng mu1ed9t u0111u1ea1i tu1eeb bu1ea5t u0111u1ecbnh nhu01b0 each, each of, everyone, everybody, everything, someone, somebody, something, every + Nu00a0thu00ec u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb luu00f4n chia theo chu1ee7 ngu1eef su1ed1 u00edt.nEACH/EVERY + N + V(singular)nEVERYONE/SOMETHING + V(singular)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnSomeone has taken my pencil.nEach person is allowed 20kg luggage.nEveryone in my class is very intelligent.nEverybody knows Tom.nEach boy and each girl has their own story.nEach of the boys has a bicycle.nn2.13. Khi chu1ee7 ngu1eef bao gu1ed3m THE + ADJECTIVE u0111u1ec3 chu1ec9 mu1ed9t tu1eadp thu1ec3 thu00ec chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u.nTHE + ADJECTIVE + V(plural)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnThe deaf are the people who are not able to hear.nDespite not having much money, The poor are still happy.nThe rich are not always happy.nThe poor get poorer, the rich get richer.nThe French like to eat well.nnu0110u1eb7c biu1ec7t, Khi u0111u1ee9ng sau THE lu00e0 danh tu1eeb people, police, army, children, cattle (gia su00fac)u00a0thu00ec cu0169ng du00f9ng u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb u1edf su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u.nVu00ed du1ee5:u00a0The police have patrolled through the night to catch that murder.n2.14. Khi chu1ee7 ngu1eef lu00e0 cu1ee5m tu1eeb chu1ec9 tiu1ec1n, khou1ea3ng cu00e1ch, ku00edch thu01b0u1edbc, u0111o lu01b0u1eddng vu00e0 thu1eddi gian thu00ec u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb chia theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 u00edt.nMONEY/TIME/DISTANCE/WEIGHT + V(singular)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnFive dollars to buy this shirt is very cheap.n8 hours of sleeping is enough.nMoney makes the world go around.nTime flies when you’re having funnFive kilometers is not far.nThree years are not a long time.nn2.15.u00a0Mu1ed9t su1ed1 danh tu1eeb cu00f3 u201cSu201d u1edf cuu1ed1i nhu01b0ng su1ebd chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 u00edt.n-Tu00ean cu00e1c cu0103n bu1ec7nh: Measles (su1edfi), rickets (cu00f2i xu01b0u01a1ng)….n– Mu00f4n hu1ecdc: politics (chu00ednh tru1ecb hu1ecdc), physics (vu1eadt lu00fd ), economics (kinh tu1ebf hu1ecdc), mathematics (tou00e1n), …n– Cu00e1c danh tu1eeb khu00e1c: news (tin tu1ee9c), the United States,…..n– Mu00f4n thu1ec3 thao: billiards (bi-da),u00a0athletics (mu00f4n u0111iu1ec1n kinh),checkers(cu1edd u0111am),…nVu00ed du1ee5:nnMaths is considered as a difficult subject with many students.nGymnastics is my favorite sport.nThe United States has new president.nPhysics is more difficult than chemistry.nn2.16. Khi chu1ee7 ngu1eef bu1eaft u0111u1ea7u vu1edbi cu1ea5u tru00fac MANY + A + N su1ed1 u00edtu00a0thu00ec u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb su1ebd u0111u01b0u1ee3c chia theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 u00edt.nMANY + A + N(singular) + V(singular)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnMany a good hanging prevents a bad marriage, and, for turning away, let summer bear it out.nMany a student doesnu2019t want to study all day at school.nMany a letter has crossed.nMany a leader fallen due to pride.nMany a little makes a miracle.nn2.17.u00a0u0110u1ed1i vu1edbi nhu1eefng chu1ee7 ngu1eef cu00f3 chu1ee9a phu00e2n su1ed1, phu1ea7n tru0103m thu00ec ta chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb theo danh tu1eeb u0111u1ee9ng sauu00a0“OF”.n% + OF + S(singular + uncountable) + V(singular)n% + OF + S(plural + countable) + V(plural)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnOne-third of the people are unemployed.nTwo third of water in this bottle is drunk by Peter.nTwo third of students in my class are girls.nOne-third of the city is unemployed.nFifty percent of the pie has disappeared.nn2.18.u00a0Nu1ebfu sau u201cNOu201d hou1eb7c u201cNONE OFu201d lu00e0 mu1ed9t danh tu1eeb su1ed1 u00edt hou1eb7c khu00f4ng u0111u1ebfm u0111u01b0u1ee3c thu00ec chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 u00edtnNO/NONE OF + S(singular+uncountable) + V(singular)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnNo example is relevant to this case.nNone of meatu00a0was cookedu00a0in this special day.nNone of the counterfeit money has been found.nNo student leaves the room.nNo further information is provided for you unless you are a VIP.nn2.19. Nu1ebfu danh tu1eeb u0111i sau cu00e1c cu1ee5m tu1eeb MAJORITY OF, SOME OF, ALL OF, MOST OF lu00e0 su1ed1 u00edt khu00f4ng u0111u1ebfm u0111u01b0u1ee3c su1ebd chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb su1ed1 u00edt vu00e0 ngu01b0u1ee3c lu1ea1i nu1ebfu su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u u0111u1ebfm u0111u01b0u1ee3c thu00ec chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u.nMAJORITY OF/SOME OF/ALL OF + S(singular + uncountable) + V (singular)nMAJORITY OF/SOME OF/ALL OF + S(plural + countable) + V (plural)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnAll of the books are interesting.nSome of my friends are very good at English.nMost of the water is polluted.nSome of the students are late for class.nSome of the information he told us was not reliable.nn2.20. Khi chu1ee7 ngu1eef lu00e0 cu00e1c danh tu1eeb nhu01b0: pants (quu1ea7n du00e0i ), trousers (quu1ea7n), glasses (gu01b0u01a1ng u0111eo mu1eaft), shorts (quu1ea7n ngu1eafn), shoes, scissors (cu00e1i ku00e9o), pliers (cu00e1i ku1ec1m), tongs (cu00e1i ku1eb9p)u00a0thu00ec u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb u1edf su1ed1 nhiu1ec1unVu00ed du1ee5:nnMy pants are ripped.nThe shoes are on the shelf.nnLu01b0u u00fd: Phu1ea3i chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb su1ed1 u00edt khi cu00f3 tu1eeb :u00a0“A pair of “ u0111i tru01b0u1edbc.nnA pair of shoes + Verb (singular)nA pair of glasses + Verb (singular)nA pair of trousers + Verb (singular)nnVu00ed du1ee5:u00a0A pair of shoes is on the shelf.n2.21. Nu1ebfu sau u201cNOu201d hou1eb7c u201cNONE OFu201d lu00e0 mu1ed9t danh tu1eeb u0111u1ebfm u0111u01b0u1ee3c su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u thu00ec chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb theo sau theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u.nNO/NONE OF S(plural+countable) + V(plural)nVu00ed du1ee5:nnNo people think alike.nNone of my friends knowu00a0itnNo people are allowed to swim in this lakenNone of us speaku00a0FrenchnNone of the books areu00a0interestingnn2.22. Khi chu1ee7 ngu1eef lu00e0 tu1ef1a u0111u1ec1 phim u1ea3nh, u00e2m nhu1ea1c,… thu00ec u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb chia theo hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 u00edt.nVu00ed du1ee5:nnTom and Jerryu201d is my favorite cartoon.nBetter Days is a 2019 Chinese romantic crime coming of age film directed by Derek Tsang and starring Zhou Dongyu and Jackson Yee.n“Heal the World” is a song recorded by American recording artist Michael Jackson.nGone with the Wind is a sweeping romantic story about the American Civil War from the point of view of the Confederacy.nn2.23. Khi hai danh tu1eeb nu1ed1i vu1edbi nhau bu1eb1ng OF thu00ec chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb theo danh tu1eeb phu00eda tru01b0u1edbc.nVu00ed du1ee5:nnThe effects of stress are very sirious.nThe experiences of work during study is common for around half of all students.nThe advantage of living in the city is the range of clothes shops.nThe list of items is on the desk.nThe advertising of credence goods contains both informational and persuasive advertising.nn2.24. Nu1ebfu su1eed du1ee5ng chu1ee7 ngu1eef giu1ea3 u201cITu201d thu00ec u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb su1ebd chia theo chu1ee7 ngu1eef chu00ednh, vu00e0 thu01b0u1eddng lu00e0 su1ed1 u00edt.nVu00ed du1ee5:nnIt is the face of pregnancy that starts from the weeku00a013 to 27.nt is her dog that often bites people.nItu2019s disgusting that he turns his radio too loud.nn2.25.u00a0Khi chu1ee7 ngu1eef lu00e0 cu00e1c tu1eeb nhu01b0: family, staff, team, group, congress, crowd, committeen– Hu00e0nh u0111u1ed9ng cu1ee7a tu1eebng thu00e0nh viu00ean thu00ec chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb u1edf su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u.nVu00ed du1ee5:nnThe crowd are becoming excited.nThe family are having breakfast.nThe staff were upset not to have been informed.nn– Tu00ednh chu1ea5t cu1ee7a tu1eadp thu1ec3 u0111u00f3 nhu01b0 mu1ed9t u0111u01a1n vu1ecb thu00ec chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb u1edf su1ed1 u00edt.nVu00ed du1ee5:nnMy family is very conservative.nHis team gets the best assignments case study.nThe congress has laws to protect wildlife from commercial trade and overhunting.nnn3. Lu01b0u u00fd vu1ec1 su1ef1 hu00f2a hu1ee3p giu1eefa chu1ee7 ngu1eef vu00e0 u0111u1ed9ng tu1eebnPhu1ea7n nu00e0y bu1ea1n cu1ea7n lu01b0u u00fd mu1ed9t su1ed1 danh tu1eeb ” u0111u1eb7c biu1ec7t”, tu01b0u1edfng nhu01b0 lu00e0 su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u do cu00f3 u201csu201d nhu01b0ng thu1eadt ra lu00e0 su1ed1 u00edt vu00e0 ngu01b0u1ee3c lu1ea1i.nVu00ed du1ee5:nMu1ed9t su1ed1 danh tu1eeb su1ed1 u00edt nhu01b0ngu00a0 cu00f3 u201csu201d u1edf cuu1ed1iu00a0nnMu1ed9t su1ed1 danh tu1eeb khu00e1c: news (tin tu1ee9c), the United States,u2026..nCu00e1c mu00f4n thu1ec3 thao: athletics (mu00f4n u0111iu1ec1n kinh), gymnastics (thu1ec3 du1ee5c du1ee5ng cu1ee5), billiards (bi-a), checkers(cu1edd u0111am),u2026nTu00ean cu00e1c cu0103n bu1ec7nh: Measles (su1edfi), rickets (cu00f2i xu01b0u01a1ng),u2026.nCu00e1c mu00f4n hu1ecdc: physics (vu1eadt lu00fd ), mathematics (tou00e1n), economics (kinh tu1ebf hu1ecdc), politics (chu00ednh tru1ecb hu1ecdc),u2026nnVu00ed du1ee5:nnRickets happens from a very young age: Bu1ec7nh cu00f2i xu01b0u01a1ng xu1ea3y ra u1edf u0111u1ed9 tuu1ed5i ru1ea5t nhu1ecf.nGymnastics is my favorite sport: Thu1ec3 du1ee5c du1ee5ng cu1ee5 lu00e0 mu00f4n thu1ec3 thao yu00eau thu00edch cu1ee7a tu00f4i.nnMu1ed9t su1ed1 danh tu1eeb su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u nhu01b0ng khu00f4ng cu00f3 u201cSu201d u1edf cuu1ed1iu00a0nVu00ed du1ee5: people, army, children, police, cattle,u2026nHu00e3y nhu1edb khi cu00e1c tu1eeb nu00e0y lu00e0 chu1ee7 ngu1eef thu00ec u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb luu00f4n u1edf hu00ecnh thu1ee9c su1ed1 nhiu1ec1u nhu00e9.nVu00ed du1ee5:nnThe police are still investigating the criminal: Cu1ea3nh su00e1t vu1eabn u0111ang u0111iu1ec1u tra vu1ee5 u00e1n.nCattle need to eat three times per day: u0110u00e0n gia su00fac cu1ea7n u0103n 3 lu1ea7n mu1ed9t ngu00e0y.nnn4. Bu00e0i tu1eadp vu1ec1 su1ef1 hu00f2a hu1ee3p giu1eefa chu1ee7 ngu1eef vu00e0 u0111u1ed9ng tu1eebnBu00e0i 1: Chu1ecdn u0111u00e1p u00e1n u0111u00fangn1. Every candidateu2026u2026u2026. known the first three questions.nnhasnhavenhave tonmustnn2. Either Jack or his sisteru2026u2026u2026breakfast each morning.nnmakenis makingnmakesnmadenn3.Timeu2026u2026u2026when youu2019re having fun.nnis flyingnfliesnflynfliednn4. Five kilometersu2026u2026..not far.nnArenhavenwill benisnn5. Lara, together with ten friends, u2026u2026u2026. planning a graduation party.nnarenisnhas beennhave beennn6. Mathematicsu2026u2026u2026..the science of quantity.nnwasnarenisnwerenn7. Measlesu2026u2026u2026cured easily nowadays.nnisnarenwill benhavenn8. The effects of stressu2026u2026.very serious.nnisnarenwillnhavenn9. Neither of themu2026u2026.in this company.nnworknworksnworkingnhave workednn10. The armyu2026u2026u2026u2026. eliminated this section of the training test.nnhasnis havingnarenhavennBu00e0i 2: Chia u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb theo quy tu1eafc su1ef1 hu00f2a hu1ee3p giu1eefa chu1ee7 ngu1eef vu00e0 u0111u1ed9ng tu1eebnnOne-fifth of the people (be)_______ unemployed.nThe English (be) ________ independent people.nMoney (make)______ the world go around.nThere (be, not) ________ any letters in the mailbox today.nSomeone (have) ________ taken my pencil.nMany nations around the world (celebrate)_______ Earth daynThe boy who won the two medals (be) ________ a friend of mine.nMy mom and my dad (go) ________ to the market twice a week.nTwo years (be) _______ not a long time.nGold, as well as platinum, (have) ________recently risen in price.nnu0110u00e1p u00e1n:nBu00e0i 1:nnAnCnBnDnBnCnAnAnBnDnnBu00e0i 2:nnisnarenmakesnare notnhasncelebratenisngonnnTru00ean u0111u00e2y lu00e0 tu1ea5t cu1ea3 nhu1eefng chia su1ebb cu1ee7a Ngoại Ngữ Tinh Tú (Ngoaingutinhtu.com) vu1ec1 chu1ee7 u0111iu1ec3m su1ef1 hou00e0 hu1ee3p giu1eefa chu1ee7 ngu1ee7 vu00e0 u0111u1ed9ng tu1eeb. Hy vu1ecdng bu00e0i viu1ebft tru00ean u0111u00e3 cung cu1ea5p cho bu1ea1n thu00eam nhiu1ec1u kiu1ebfn thu1ee9c bu1ed5 u00edch u0111u1ec3 cu00f3 thu1ec3 hou00e0n thu00e0nh tu1ed1t cu00e1c bu00e0i thi su1eafp tu1edbi!nTham khu1ea3o thu00eam:nn14+ Phu01b0u01a1ng phu00e1p hu1ecdc ngu1eef phu00e1p tiu1ebfng Anh hiu1ec7u quu1ea3nLu1ed9 tru00ecnh hu1ecdc ngu1eef phu00e1p tiu1ebfng Anh cho ngu01b0u1eddi mu1edbi bu1eaft u0111u1ea7unLu1ed9 tru00ecnh hu1ecdc tiu1ebfng Anh cho ngu01b0u1eddi mu1ea5t gu1ed1c”,”author”:{“@type”:”Person”,”name”:”Mi Phan”},”datePublished”:”2021-07-06T03:07:10+07:00″,”dateModified”:”2021-08-26T21:52:52+07:00″,”reviewRating”:{“@type”:”Rating”,”ratingValue”:”5″,”bestRating”:5,”worstRating”:1},”publisher”:{“@type”:”Organization”,”name”:”Ngoại Ngữ Tinh Tú”,”logo”:{“@type”:”ImageObject”,”url”:”https://e4life.vn/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/cropped-4Life-English-Center-1.png”,”width”:512,”height”:512}}},”aggregateRating”:{“@type”:”AggregateRating”,”ratingValue”:5,”ratingCount”:4,”bestRating”:5,”worstRating”:1}}

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