Câu tường thuật (Reported Speech) là điểm ngữ pháp quan trọng mà bài thi nào cũng có. Cùng Ngoại Ngữ Tinh Tú (Ngoaingutinhtu.com) điểm qua những loại câu tường thuật và cách dùng của từng loại nhé.

Câu tường thuật
Câu tường thuật (Reported Speech)

1. Câu tường thuật (Reported Speech)

1.1. Định nghĩa câu tường thuật

Câu tường thuật là câu dùng để mô tả lại sự việc hay lời nói của ai đó. Hay câu tường thuật là bạn đang chuyển câu trực tiếp sang gián tiếp.

Ví dụ: Lisa said, ‘I’m so happy.’

Lisa said that she was so happy.

1.2. Một số lưu ý khi chuyển từ lời nói trực tiếp sang gián tiếp

  • Nếu động từ ở dạng reporting verb (tường thuật) thì giữ nguyên thì (tense), động từ, đại, từ trạng từ.

Ví dụ: She says: “I like ice cream.” => She says (that) she likes ice cream.

  • Động từ tường thuật (reporting verb) của câu ở thì quá khứ thì phải lùi động từ chính về quá khứ một bậc theo quy tắc sau:
Direct speech Reported speech
will / shall would / should
am / is / are going to was / were going to
present simple past simple
present continuous past continuous
past continuous past perfect continuous
present perfect past perfect
past simple past perfect
must had to
can could

Ví dụ: “I want a camera for my birthday.” he said. – He said that he wanted a camera for his birthday.

  • Khi chuyển sang gián tiếp một số động từ không thay đổi: would => would, could => could, might => might, should => should, ought to => ought to.

Ví dụ: Jane said, “You should cut short hair”. => Jane said I should cut short hair.

  • Động từ tường thuật ở thì quá khứ thì các trạng từ chỉ thời gian và nơi chốn và đại từ chỉ định được chuyển đổi theo quy tắc sau khi chuyển từ lời nói trực tiếp sang gián tiếp:
Direct speech Reported speech
this / that the
tomorrow
the next day / the following day
next / on Tuesday
the next / following Tuesday
today that day
these those
last Tuesday
the previous Tuesday / the Tuesday before
the day after tomorrow
in two days’ time / two days later
ago before
this that
tonight that night
now then
here there
yesterday
the day before / the previous day

Ví dụ: “I’ll phone you tomorrow.” he told Jack. – He told Jack that he would phone him the following day.

2. Các dạng câu tường thuật thường gặp

Câu tường thuật
Các dạng câu tường thuật thường gặp

2.1. Câu tường thuật dạng câu kể (Reported statements)

Công thức: S + say(s) / said + (that) + S + V.

Lưu ý:

says / say to + O => tells / tell + O

said to + O => told + O

Ví dụ: “I’ll have a cup of tea with you.” she said she would have a cup of tea with me.

“He’s not at home.”, she said he was not at home.

2.2. Câu tường thuật dạng câu hỏi (Reported questions)

2.2.1. Dạng Yes/No questions:

Công thức: S + asked (+ O)/ wanted to know/ wondered + if / whether + S + V.

Lưu ý: Khi tường thuật câu hỏi Yes – No questions, ta phải chuyển câu hỏi trực tiếp sang dạng khẳng định, rồi thực hiện thay đổi thì, trạng từ chỉ thời gian, trạng từ chỉ nơi chốn, đại từ chỉ định, và chủ ngữ, tân ngữ, đại từ sở hữu cho phù hợp.

Ví dụ:

2.2.2. Dạng Wh-questions:

Công thức: S + asked (+ O)/ wanted to know/ wondered + Wh-words + S + V.

Ví dụ: “Where are you going?” he asked her where she was going.

“What are you going to do next summer?” she asked. – She asked us what we were going to do the following summer.

2.3. Câu tường thuật dạng câu mệnh lệnh (Reported commands)

2.3.1. Dạng khẳng định

Công thức: S + told + O + to-infinitive.

Ví dụ: Mom told me, “Cook before your dad comes home.”. => Mom told me to cook before my dad came back home.

“Open the door.” he said to them. => He told them to open the door.

2.3.2. Dạng phủ định

Công thức: S + told + O + to-infinitive.

Ví dụ: “Don’t get your shoes dirty, boys.” she said. => She told the boys not to get their shoes dirty.

2.4. Các câu tường thuật dạng đặc biệt.

Ngoài các câu tường thuật trên thì ta có thể bắt gặp một số dạng đặc biệt khác như sau:

  • S + promised + to V.

Ví dụ: “We’ll visit you” She said. => She promised to visit me.

  • S + agree + to V.

Ví dụ: “I’ll leave the house tomorrow.” She says. => She agrees to leave the house the next day.

  • S + accuse + sb + of + Ving.

Ví dụ: “ You damaged my bicycle, John!” said Mary. => Mary accused John of damaging her bicycle.

3. Bài tập về câu tường thuật trong tiếng Anh

Câu tường thuật
Bài tập về câu tường thuật trong tiếng Anh

1.“Please download the information from this file,” the director said to us.

The director told us ………………………………………………………

2. “Where is the cake which I just made?”

Her mother asked her. Her mother asked her where ……………………………………

3. “Which way are you planning to go to the beach?” Mary asked us

Mary asked us which …………………………………………….

4. “Please bring that outfit over here if it has any damage.” the clerk said to Lisa.

The clerk told Lisa………………………………………………………

5. “Don’t come to my house without prior notice.” May’s colleague said to her.

May’s colleague told her ……………………………………………………

6. “Can you do this project best?” My manager told me.

My manager told me ………………………………..

7. Jimin’s girlfriend said, “My boyfriend is a very polite and courteous person so I love him very much.”

Jimin’s girlfriend said that ……………………………………..

8. “Is there any restroom nearby?” the customer asked me.

The customer asked me ………………………………..

9. Jenny said to him: “Please lend me your car to carry this cargo to the train station because my dad needs it right now.”

Jenny asked him …………………………..

10. “Don’t stay up late, Jisoo,” Jisoo’s mother said to her.

Jisoo’s mother told her ……………………………..

11. “Tim, did you see the water bottle which I just bought?” Tim’s roommate asked.

Tim’s roommate asked him ………………………………………………

12. “Don’t do anything worse, Jane.” Jane’s brother said to her.

Jane’s brother told her …………………………………….

13. She said: “I’ll take you to school tomorrow, Jack.”

She told Jack…………………………………….

14. “If you accept to take this survey, we will give you a discount coupon.” The seller said to us.

The seller told us …………………………………………………………..

15. “What do you plan to buy for your girlfriend’s birthday?” Tom asked me.

Tom asked me ……………………………………………………………

16. “I will get back to you as soon as possible,” the clerk said to him.

The clerk told him …………………………………………….

17. “Can I borrow your phone, Mina?” Mina’s colleague asked her.

Mina’s colleague asked her ……………………………………

18. “I want lots of people to come to my birthday party.” My brother said to me

My brother told me ………………………………………………………….

19. “Don’t drink that glass of water because it’s brandy.” Lisa’s boyfriend said to her.

Lisa’s boyfriend told her ………………………………………………….

20. “How long are you planning to study in Australia?” my roommate asked.

My roommate asked me …………………………………………………

21. “Are you planning to go to school by train?” Britian’s mother asked him.

Britian’s mother wanted to know………………………………………………

22. “Don’t turn on the indoor heater when nobody is there.” March’s mother said.

March’s mother told him …………………………………………………….

23. “Will you come to the concert to see my show?” my neighbor asked me.

My neighbor invited me …………………………………………………

24. “Don’t drive when you’re on the phone.” Mary’s father said to her.

Mary’s father told her …………………………………………….

25. “Did the doctor come to see you yesterday?” My mother asked.

My mother asked me…………………………………………..

26. “Don’t step on the grass.” the neighbor said to me.

The neighbor told me ……………………………

27. “What do you want to cook for breakfast, mommy?” Kate asked.

Kate asked her mother …………………………….

28. “Can I use your computer, Peter?” Peter‘s sister asked him.

Peter’s sister asked him …………………………………..

29. “Why didn’t I have my name on the record?” The customer asked.

The customer wondered…………………………………………..

30. “You has better do well everything that your boss requested, Anna.” John said.

John advised Anna ………………………………………………………..

Lời giải

  1. The director told us to download the information from that file.
  2. Her mother asked her where the cake was which she just had made.
  3. Mary asked us which way we were planning to go to the beach.
  4. The clerk told Lisa to bring that outfit over there if it had any damage.
  5. May’s colleague told her not to come to her house without prior notice.
  6. My manager told me if I could do that project best.
  7. Jimin’s girlfriend said that he was a very polite and courteous person so she loved him very much.
  8. The customer asked me if there any restroom nearby was.
  9. Jenny asked him to lend her his car to carry that cargo to the train station because her dad needed it right then.
  10. Jisoo’s mother told her not to stay up late.
  11. Tim’s roommate asked him if he had seen the water bottle which she had just bought.
  12. Jane’s brother told her not to do anything worse.
  13. She told Jack that she would take him to schook the next day.
  14. The seller told us they would give us a discount coupon if we accepted to take that survey.
  15. Tom asked me what I planned to buy for my girlfriend’s birthday.
  16. The clerk told him that she would get back to him as soon as possible.
  17. Mina’s colleague asked her if she could borrow her phone.
  18. My brother told me that he wanted lots of people to come to his birthday party.
  19. Lisa’s boyfriend told her not to drink that glass of water because it was brandy.
  20. My roommate asked me how long I was planning to study in Australia.
  21. Britian’s mother wanted to know if he was planning to go to school by train.
  22. March’s mother told him not to turn on the indoor heater when nobody was there.
  23. My neighbor invited me to come to the concert to see her show.
  24. Mary’s father told her not to drive when she was on the phone.
  25. My mother asked me if the doctor had come to see me the day before.
  26. The neighbor told me not to step on the grass.
  27. Kate asked her mother what she wanted to cook for breakfast.
  28. Peter’s sister asked him if she could use his computer.
  29. The customer wondered why he hadn’t had his name on the record.
  30. John advised Anna to do well everything that her boss had requested.

Trên đây là tất cả công thức cơ bản của câu tường thuật, kèm theo đó là ví dụ và bài tập chi tiết. Ngoại Ngữ Tinh Tú (Ngoaingutinhtu.com) hy vọng sẽ giúp bạn hoàn thiện kiến thức trên con đường tri thức. Chúc các bạn học tốt.

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Du1ea1ng khu1eb3ng u0111u1ecbnhnCu00f4ng thu1ee9c: S + told + O + to-infinitive.nVu00ed du1ee5: Mom told me, u201cCook before your dad comes home.u201d. => Mom told me to cook before my dad came back home.nu201cOpen the door.u201d he said to them. => He told them to open the door.n2.3.2. Du1ea1ng phu1ee7 u0111u1ecbnhnCu00f4ng thu1ee9c: S + told + O + to-infinitive.nVu00ed du1ee5: u201cDonu2019t get your shoes dirty, boys.u201d she said. => She told the boys not to get their shoes dirty.n2.4. Cu00e1c cu00e2u tu01b0u1eddng thuu1eadt du1ea1ng u0111u1eb7c biu1ec7t.nNgou00e0i cu00e1c cu00e2u tu01b0u1eddng thuu1eadt tru00ean thu00ec ta cu00f3 thu1ec3 bu1eaft gu1eb7p mu1ed9t su1ed1 du1ea1ng u0111u1eb7c biu1ec7t khu00e1c nhu01b0 sau:nnS + promised + to V.nnVu00ed du1ee5: “We’ll visit you” She said. => She promised to visit me.nnS + agree + to V.nnVu00ed du1ee5: “I’ll leave the house tomorrow.” She says. => She agrees to leave the house the next day.nnS + accuse + sb + of + Ving.nnVu00ed du1ee5: u201c You damaged my bicycle, John!u201d said Mary. => Mary accused John of damaging her bicycle.n3. Bu00e0i tu1eadp vu1ec1 cu00e2u tu01b0u1eddng thuu1eadt trong tiu1ebfng Anhnn1.u201cPlease download the information from this file,u201d the director said to us.nThe director told us u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026n2. u201cWhere is the cake which I just made?u201dnHer mother asked her. Her mother asked her where u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026n3. u201cWhich way are you planning to go to the beach?u201d Mary asked usnMary asked us which u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026.n4. u201cPlease bring that outfit over here if it has any damage.u201d the clerk said to Lisa.nThe clerk told Lisau2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026n5. u201cDonu2019t come to my house without prior notice.u201d Mayu2019s colleague said to her.nMayu2019s colleague told her u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026n6. u201cCan you do this project best?u201d My manager told me.nMy manager told me u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026..n7. Jiminu2019s girlfriend said, u201cMy boyfriend is a very polite and courteous person so I love him very much.u201dnJiminu2019s girlfriend said that u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026..n8. u201cIs there any restroom nearby?u201d the customer asked me.nThe customer asked me u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026..n9. Jenny said to him: u201cPlease lend me your car to carry this cargo to the train station because my dad needs it right now.u201dnJenny asked him u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026..n10. u201cDonu2019t stay up late, Jisoo,u201d Jisoou2019s mother said to her.nJisoou2019s mother told her u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026..n11. u201cTim, did you see the water bottle which I just bought?u201d Timu2019s roommate asked.nTimu2019s roommate asked him u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026n12. u201cDonu2019t do anything worse, Jane.u201d Janeu2019s brother said to her.nJaneu2019s brother told her u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026.n13. She said: u201cIu2019ll take you to school tomorrow, Jack.u201dnShe told Jacku2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026.n14. u201cIf you accept to take this survey, we will give you a discount coupon.u201d The seller said to us.nThe seller told us u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026..n15. u201cWhat do you plan to buy for your girlfriendu2019s birthday?u201d Tom asked me.nTom asked me u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026n16. u201cI will get back to you as soon as possible,u201d the clerk said to him.nThe clerk told him u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026.n17. u201cCan I borrow your phone, Mina?u201d Minau2019s colleague asked her.nMinau2019s colleague asked her u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026n18. u201cI want lots of people to come to my birthday party.u201d My brother said to menMy brother told me u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026.n19. u201cDonu2019t drink that glass of water because itu2019s brandy.u201d Lisau2019s boyfriend said to her.nLisau2019s boyfriend told her u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026.n20. u201cHow long are you planning to study in Australia?u201d my roommate asked.nMy roommate asked me u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026n21. u201cAre you planning to go to school by train?u201d Britianu2019s mother asked him.nBritianu2019s mother wanted to knowu2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026n22. u201cDonu2019t turn on the indoor heater when nobody is there.u201d Marchu2019s mother said.nMarchu2019s mother told him u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026.n23. u201cWill you come to the concert to see my show?u201d my neighbor asked me.nMy neighbor invited me u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026n24. u201cDonu2019t drive when youu2019re on the phone.u201d Maryu2019s father said to her.nMaryu2019s father told her u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026.n25. u201cDid the doctor come to see you yesterday?u201d My mother asked.nMy mother asked meu2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026..n26. u201cDonu2019t step on the grass.u201d the neighbor said to me.nThe neighbor told me u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026n27. u201cWhat do you want to cook for breakfast, mommy?u201d Kate asked.nKate asked her mother u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026.n28. u201cCan I use your computer, Peter?u201d Peteru2018s sister asked him.nPeteru2019s sister asked him u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026..n29. u201cWhy didnu2019t I have my name on the record?u201d The customer asked.nThe customer wonderedu2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026..n30. u201cYou has better do well everything that your boss requested, Anna.u201d John said.nJohn advised Anna u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026u2026..nLu1eddi giu1ea3innThe director told us to download the information from that file.nHer mother asked her where the cake was which she just had made.nMary asked us which way we were planning to go to the beach.nThe clerk told Lisa to bring that outfit over there if it had any damage.nMayu2019s colleague told her not to come to her house without prior notice.nMy manager told me if I could do that project best.nJiminu2019s girlfriend said that he was a very polite and courteous person so she loved him very much.nThe customer asked me if there any restroom nearby was.nJenny asked him to lend her his car to carry that cargo to the train station because her dad needed it right then.nJisoou2019s mother told her not to stay up late.nTimu2019s roommate asked him if he had seen the water bottle which she had just bought.nJaneu2019s brother told her not to do anything worse.nShe told Jack that she would take him to schook the next day.nThe seller told us they would give us a discount coupon if we accepted to take that survey.nTom asked me what I planned to buy for my girlfriendu2019s birthday.nThe clerk told him that she would get back to him as soon as possible.nMinau2019s colleague asked her if she could borrow her phone.nMy brother told me that he wanted lots of people to come to his birthday party.nLisau2019s boyfriend told her not to drink that glass of water because it was brandy.nMy roommate asked me how long I was planning to study in Australia.nBritianu2019s mother wanted to know if he was planning to go to school by train.nMarchu2019s mother told him not to turn on the indoor heater when nobody was there.nMy neighbor invited me to come to the concert to see her show.nMaryu2019s father told her not to drive when she was on the phone.nMy mother asked me if the doctor had come to see me the day before.nThe neighbor told me not to step on the grass.nKate asked her mother what she wanted to cook for breakfast.nPeteru2019s sister asked him if she could use his computer.nThe customer wondered why he hadnu2019t had his name on the record.nJohn advised Anna to do well everything that her boss had requested.nnTru00ean u0111u00e2y lu00e0 tu1ea5t cu1ea3 cu00f4ng thu1ee9c cu01a1 bu1ea3n cu1ee7a cu00e2u tu01b0u1eddng thuu1eadt, ku00e8m theo u0111u00f3 lu00e0 vu00ed du1ee5 vu00e0 bu00e0i tu1eadp chi tiu1ebft. Ngoại Ngữ Tinh Tú (Ngoaingutinhtu.com) hy vu1ecdng su1ebd giu00fap bu1ea1n hou00e0n thiu1ec7n kiu1ebfn thu1ee9c tru00ean con u0111u01b0u1eddng tri thu1ee9c. Chu00fac cu00e1c bu1ea1n hu1ecdc tu1ed1t.nTham khu1ea3o thu00eam:nn14+ Phu01b0u01a1ng phu00e1p hu1ecdc ngu1eef phu00e1p tiu1ebfng Anh hiu1ec7u quu1ea3nLu1ed9 tru00ecnh hu1ecdc ngu1eef phu00e1p tiu1ebfng Anh cho ngu01b0u1eddi mu1edbi bu1eaft u0111u1ea7unLu1ed9 tru00ecnh hu1ecdc tiu1ebfng Anh cho ngu01b0u1eddi mu1ea5t gu1ed1c”,”author”:{“@type”:”Person”,”name”:”Nguyu00ean Phu01b0u1ee3ng”},”datePublished”:”2021-07-16T08:49:42+07:00″,”dateModified”:”2021-08-26T21:26:08+07:00″,”reviewRating”:{“@type”:”Rating”,”ratingValue”:”5″,”bestRating”:5,”worstRating”:1},”publisher”:{“@type”:”Organization”,”name”:”Ngoại Ngữ Tinh Tú”,”logo”:{“@type”:”ImageObject”,”url”:”https://e4life.vn/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/cropped-4Life-English-Center-1.png”,”width”:512,”height”:512}}},”aggregateRating”:{“@type”:”AggregateRating”,”ratingValue”:5,”ratingCount”:4,”bestRating”:5,”worstRating”:1}}

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